Category Archives: OSHA and Safety

IIPP Innovative Techniques Get Employees Attention for Safety

Part II of Injury and Illness Prevention Programs (IIPP), following announcement of OSHA’s pending standard.  

Safety is not the most exciting subject to speak about that will hold an audience’s attention. But to get your employees’ attention, take a look at these innovative techniques for safety program implementation.

You can think of injecting the element of surprise or unexpected humor to help deliver the message. These persuasive examples will illustrate how to take proactive steps for safety in your workplace.

Example 1 – Don’t Walk on By

The Safety music video, Don’t Walk on By produced by Nick James Productions is cleverly done, showing how easily we get accustomed to our surroundings. Consequently, we start overlooking important safety clues that could prevent serious injuries.

How can you utilize the Don’t Walk on By theme?

  • Add your spin on the theme, using a statistic of workplace injuries and illnesses, as well as costs associated with people not doing anything about it (walking on by).
  • Segue into performing your safety audit.
  • Demonstrate how your organization protects employees from workplace injuries and illnesses as well as saves costs through a workplace safety program.

Example 2 – Horror Movies: Workplace Safety Videos Pack a Punch

The recent EHStoday article, titled Horror Movies: Workplace Safety Videos That Pack a Punch consists of a set of impactful commercials produced by the Ontario Worker Safety and Insurance Board called Prevent It.

These short and brutally honest vignettes may be seen as disturbing by some, because of the dramatic way in which accidents are depicted. In a split second an employee’s life can be turned upside down.

How can you utilize this theme?

  • Always be on guard to potential hazards in the workplace and at home. The point is made that “there really are no accidents.”
  • Every accident can be prevented if the employee (or employer) had done something different.

QMA will address your specific injury prevention training and consulting needs, whether you are a large or small employer. Together, we will develop a strategy and a program that fits your industry and organization. For a free consultation, please complete the contact form and we will contact you.

IIPP Continual Safety Improvements Address OSHA Standard

The direct cost of the most disabling workplace injuries and illnesses in 2008 amounted to $53.42
billion in U.S. workers compensation costs, more than one billion dollars per week. This money would be better spent on job creation and innovation. Injury and illness prevention programs (IIPP) are good for workers, good for business and good for America.

Dr. David Michaels, Assistant Secretary of Labor. Source:

Nationally, there are 34 states that require or encourage employers to develop an IIPP; 15 states make IIPP mandatory. Although in the early stages, OSHA is writing a new standard that will require employers to develop a program to help find and fix hazards in the workplace.

I have previously reported on this blog about taking a proactive approach to IIPPs (see OSHA’s strategy: Plan, Prevent, and Protect). According to OSHA, these programs can substantially reduce the number and severity of workplace injuries and alleviate the associated financial burdens on U.S. workplaces. For further reference, the new OSHA Fact Sheet is now available.

Implementing Continual Safety Improvements  

The most successful injury and illness prevention programs are based on a common set of key elements. These include:

  • Management Leadership
  • Worker Participation
  • Hazard Identification and Assessment
  • Education and Training
  • Program Evaluation and Improvement

QMA will help you implement and maintain a complete program that utilizes these elements by:

  1. Developing and establishing a strategy for injury and illness prevention that involves all employees in the effort, by
  2. Training and educating employees in safety awareness, hazard recognition and mitigation, and OSHA mandated topics, such as, HAZMAT* training for chemical handling and by
  3. Conducting audits and assessment aimed at your continual improvement needs.

* HAZMAT: hazardous material training, also known as “Right-to-Know”

QMA will address your specific injury prevention training and consulting needs, whether you are a large or small employer. Together, we will develop a strategy and a program that fits your industry and organization. For a free consultation, please complete the contact form and we will contact you.

Most Frequently Cited OSHA Standards in 2010

The following were the top 10 most frequently cited Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards in fiscal year 2010 (October 1, 2009 through September 30, 2010):

  1. Scaffolding, general requirements, construction: 29 CRF 1926. 451
  2. Fall protection, construction: 29 CFR 1926.501
  3. Hazard communication standard, general industry: 29 CFR 1910.1200
  4. Ladders, construction 29 CFR 1926.1053
  5. Respiratory protection, general industry: 29 CFR 1910.134
  6. Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout), general industry: 29 CFR 1910.147
  7. Electrical, wiring methods, components and equipment, general industry: 29 CFR 1910.305
  8. Powered industrial trucks, general industry: 29 CFR 1910.178
  9. Electrical systems design, general requirements, general industry: 29 CFR 1910.303
  10. Machines, general requirements, general industry: 29 CFR 1910.212

The following are the standards for which OSHA assessed the highest penalties in fiscal year 2010 (October 1, 2009 through September 30, 2010):

  1. Fall protection, construction: 29 CFR 1926.501
  2. Electrical, general requirements, construction: 29 CFR 1926.403
  3. Safety training and education, construction: 29 CFR 1910.21
  4. Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout), general industry: 29 CFR 1910.147
  5. Machines, general requirements, general industry: 29 CFR 1910.212
  6. General duty clause: Section 5(a)(1) of the OSHA Act
  7. Excavations, requirements for protective systems, construction: 29 CFR 1926.652
  8. Lead, general industry: 29 CFR 1910.1025
  9. Grain handling facilities: 29 CFR 1910.272
  10. Ladders, construction: 29 CFR 1926.1053

For more detailed information, visit Frequently Cited OSHA Standards. At that site, you can generate a report on the most frequently cited federal or state OSHA standards by your SIC code and the number of employees in your establishment.


For assistance in safety training and OSHA compliance, contact us.

Job Safety Analysis

A hazard is the potential for harm often associated with a condition or activity that, if left uncontrolled, can result in an injury or illness.  Conversely, identifying hazards and eliminating or controlling them as early as possible will help prevent injuries and illnesses.

A Job Safety Analysis determines what the employee needs to know in order to perform the job safely.  This focuses on the job tasks to be performed in order to identify hazards before they occur.  The job safety analysis recognizes the relationship between worker, task, tools, and work environment.

Job Safety Analysis is a procedure that:

  • Studies and records each step of a job
  • Identifies existing or potential hazards
  • Determines the best way of reducing or eliminating the risks of performing the job

After identifying uncontrolled hazards, steps need to be taken to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level.

Information obtained from the Job Safety Analysis can be used to develop the training program for that operation and to investigate accidents where the employee’s performance may have been deficient.

The Job Safety Analysis can be developed by examining engineering data on new equipment, the safety data sheets on unfamiliar substances, specific Federal or State OSHA standards applicable to the process, and the company’s accident and injury records.

Another method for developing a Job Safety Analysis is requesting employees to write a  description of their jobs in their own words. These descriptions should include the tasks performed and the tools, materials and equipment used.

Observing employees as they perform tasks, asking about the work, and recording their answers can also provide valuable insights to be included in the Job Safety Analysis.

Hazards can also be identified by asking employees if anything about their jobs frightens them, if they have had any near-miss incidents, if they feel they are taking risks, or if they believe that their jobs involve hazardous operations or substances.

OSHA: Plan, Prevent, and Protect

OSHA’s Injury and Illness Prevention Program: A Proactive Approach

The U.S. Department of Labor, including OSHA has adopted a new strategy called “Plan/Prevent/Protect”.

OSHA will require employers to provide their employees with opportunities to participate in the development and implementation of an injury and illness prevention program. This includes a systematic process to address, proactively and continuously, workplace safety and health hazards. Examples of these include:

  • Internal audits
  • Safety committees
  • Safety meetings
  • Involvement in job safety analysis

This rule also would involve planning, implementing, evaluating, and improving processes and activities that promote worker safety and health, and address the needs of special categories of workers, such as youth, aging and immigrant workers.

OSHA’s efforts to protect workers under the age of 18 will be undertaken in cooperation with the Department’s Wage and Hour Division, which has responsibility for enforcing the child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

OSHA has substantial evidence showing that employers that have implemented similar injury and illness prevention programs have significantly reduced injuries and illnesses in their workplaces.

This rule would build on OSHA’s existing Safety and Health Program Management Guidelines and lessons learned from successful approaches and best practices.